The world’s major manufacturering countries, including the Asian region :Japan, South Korea and mainland China, as well as the United States & Germany, this article will induce different countries in mold industry, and comparative analysis of national competitiveness and the strength of our differences.
1, mold industrial status in different countries
Countries in the world’s major manufacturing and marketing area, the China have the largest number of mold factories, nearly seven times as state-owned enterprises, foreign-funded enterprises account run the large-scale mold factory and employs approximately 600 ~ 700 people, Foxconn Hon Hai Group (Foxconn) employs nearly 6,00000 people, mold factory is between 150 to 300, small mold factory about 50 people, other countries mold industry have much more small factories, Applications market, Japan, South Korea, the United States and Germany produce the largest proportion for automobile products, while China produce electronics and communications products and mold.
In accordance with 2002 national research report, Japan, South Korea and Germany, mold is a strong quasi-surplus goods, the china mainland and the United States mold due to domestic demand in large markets and are unable to complete the supply of domestic firms and required by the import of mold in order to meet downstream market of products manufacturing, , import and export of the region are mostly in neighboring countries, while Japan exported more remarkable region in the U.S. mainly, but mainland China in recent years due to the rapid development of downstream industries, mainland China has been gradually turned to expanding market trends
Wage countries, according to 2002 white paper on the findings of the mold industry, Germany paid the highest salaries of technical staff for $ 12.13 ~ $ 19.28 per hour, the designer is $ 16.91 ~ $ 25.26, between Japan and the United States, the mold factory pay the lowest-paid technicians annual salary of only $ 732 ~ $ 5,853, the designer is only $ 2,927 ~ $ 5,853, China low wage costs have so great advantage
2, analysis of national strengths and weaknesses Technologically advanced countries such as Japan, the United States, Germany, for high-precision and complex nature of mold development, regardless of design capacity or manufacturing technology, have a leading position, but also have excellent R & D personnel practice. The Japanese mould maker emphasis on technically polished with polishing process, the German mold manufacturers by enhancing mechanical processing and electrical discharge machining precision and efficiency begin to reduce the manual processing time. Market size, regardless of value or domestic demand in Japan’s decline was most evident. Operating costs are often faced with high wages, high benefits, so the downstream industries or mold makers to move production facilities to gradually close to the new industrialized countries or technological backward countries, in order to reduce labor costs and enhance price competitiveness, but the trend is likely to cause technical invisible exodus worries, making themselves even more to be put in a large research and development costs in order to speed up the upgrading process technology and high-speed mechanical properties, widening the difference between each other. Taiwan, Korea and mainland China, South Korea and mainland China market in recent years, the scale of production and demand are presented growing trend, particularly in mainland China mould industry is the rapid development of national brand name manufacturers stationed in production equipment, invisible mold development to enhance the strength and design capabilities. Costs, mainland China and South Korea because it has relatively low labor cost advantage, and therefore the selling price for the mold, often take low-cost marketing to market, and thus poor global economic situation, the successful buyer to grab the market favor, the most obvious example of the gains in export value.
3, the conclusion On the whole, as countries mould industry, and many type of small business operations, therefore, operating on a regular fund-raising is difficulty, in the absence of government policy support and tax incentives in the formation of mold industry will go it alone with the situation alone, he only way is increasing additional value of products in order to get rid of low-cost competition.